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Fiat - 1966 124 Sport Spider
Fiat - 1966 124 Sport Spider

Fiat - 1966 124 Sport Spider

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Fiat 124 Sport Spider The Fiat 124 is a large family car produced by the Italian manufacturer Fiat between 1966 and 1974. It was the replacement of the Fiat 1300 and Fiat 1500. ... More »
Fiat 124 Sport Spider

The Fiat 124 is a large family car produced by the Italian manufacturer Fiat between 1966 and 1974. It was the replacement of the Fiat 1300 and Fiat 1500.

The 124 was introduced by being dropped by parachute from a plane and instantly won critical acclaim, including that year's European Car of the Year award. It was praised for its spacious interior, advanced coil spring rear suspension, disc brakes and lightweight construction.

Power came from a 1.2 L (1197 cc) Fiat OHV straight-4, producing 65 hp (49 kW) and 70 ft.lbf (95 Nm). Its performance belied this small engine, though. Road & Track praised the car's acceleration, comparing it with cars in the 1800-2000 cc class.

The basic 124 saloon also spawned the Fiat 124 Sport Spider, and Fiat 124 Coupe, both sought after 1970s classic cars. A stretched and more luxurious version of the 124 sedan known as the 125 was also launched in 1967.

Despite its technological achievements, history has not been kind to the 124 - most people highlighting its connection to the Lada -- and very few 124 sedans have survived.

The Russian twin

In 1970, Fiat sponsored the building of the AutoVAZ car factory in the Soviet Union. The factory produced an adapted version of the 124 known as the Lada ВАЗ-2101 / Zhiguli (later Lada Riva). These cars, which look almost identical to the 124, and which were produced into the 21st century, currently suffer a bad reputation due to their outdated technology and basic equipment levels when compared with modern automobiles.

Production of the Fiat 124 ceased in 1974, paving the way for the Fiat 131 Mirafiori, although the Lada version continued until 1984 (1986 for station wagon). Several versions of Lada based on the Fiat 124/ВАЗ-2101 design are made to this day. Production by Fiat and Pininfarina of the 124 Spider continued until 1985.

The Indian twin

The Fiat 124 was also intorduced in India by Premier Automobiles in 1986 as the Premier 118NE. The car was very similar to the 1966 version except for a few cosmetic changes to the front and rear. However, Premier incorporated the Nissan A12 (1171 cc/52 bhp) powertrain instead of the original Fiat engine. The car got a tremendous response in the beginning. Later on it was outmoded by other modern cars and production was stopped around 1999. Few well maintained versions are still found today.

The Spanish twin

In the frame of the licence agreement between SEAT and Fiat, it was produced and sold in Spain with the name SEAT 124 from 1968 to 1976. The car was very successful in Spain, and was sold in both the 4-door and station wagon versions.

The Bulgarian twin

The Fiat 124 was also produced under the name Pirin-Fiat in Lovech, Bulgaria, on the basis of complete knockdown (CKD) kits between 1967 and 1971.

The Turkish twin

The Fiat 124 was also produced under the name Murat 124 in Bursa, Turkey by Tofaş. 134,867 Murat 124s were produced between 1971 and 1977. TOFAŞ later produced the Fiat 131 series under the name Murat 131. It currently produces bona fide Fiats.

This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from Wikipedia.
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